Elderly eat more coarse grains
The traditional staple food is rice in the south and white flour in the north.
A variety of rice, wheat, beans, and potatoes are abundantly produced in China, but because of their different nutritional ingredients, various types of miscellaneous grains have complementary effects with eating. This is a guarantee to maintain a balanced nutrition, such as the “Babao Porridge”,Is a good healthy diet.
The complementation of amino acids is a guarantee to maintain health.
Human body protein is composed of 22 amino acids, of which 14 can be made by themselves, the remaining 8 amino acids cannot be made by themselves and must be absorbed from food, and the amino acids contained in various foods are different.
Some legumes, rice and wheat without germ, are called incomplete protein because they contain too many essential amino acids and cannot meet the needs of human health alone.
Therefore, in order to maintain the normal metabolism of the human body, a variety of foods must be eaten to make up for the types of amino acids required.
A variety of cereal proteins lysine and threonine, while buckwheat is rich in 19 amino acids such as lysine, tryptophan, and arginine.
Beans also contain methionine. If beans and corn are eaten together, they can transform each other’s complementary effect, that is, constitute a complete protein.
At the time of absorption, it is also recommended to eat multiple amino acids at the same time.
Some people have researched that if the interval is more than 1 hour, the complementary effects will overlap, because the liver stores only complete proteins, and if the amino acids are not comprehensive, it will lead to the loss of waste and cause waste.
It has been suggested that 20% soy, 40% wheat, and 40% corn eat at the same time, the higher utilization.
Supplementation of minerals and trace elements also depends on a variety of foods.
The human body’s minerals, such as calcium, phosphorus, potassium, and sodium, are irreplaceable nutrients that constitute human tissues, maintain acid-base balance and osmotic pressure, and muscle and nerve reflexes.
These substances cannot be produced by the human body and can only be ingested from food; in addition, they are less than zero body weight.
1% of trace elements, such as zinc, copper, iron, selenium, chromium, cobalt, iodine, etc., are also irreplaceable substances such as human immune function, growth and development.
These ingredients cannot be completely supplemented by a single food.
Therefore, eating more coarse grains and omnivores is beneficial to adjusting diet balance and human health.
Vitamins are necessary for the body to maintain normal functions, but they cannot be synthesized in the body, and even the daily human body needs a small amount, but it is undeniable, and more and more studies have shown that the lack of some vitamins is closely related to the generation of malignant tumors.
For example, many vitamins can remove carcinogenic free radicals in the body, vitamin A can protect the skin, mucous membranes can be invaded by carcinogens, B vitamins can maintain the normal metabolism of enzymes, and vitamin E and vitamin C can cure the synthesis of carcinogenic nitrosamines in the body.and many more.
Therefore, the intake of vitamins is also inseparable from the coarse noodles. If you can eat them as a staple food often, it will be a great substitute for preventing cancer.
Supplementation from the main nutritional ingredients also reveals the nature of mixed grain coarse noodle mixed eating.
Starch, protein, and aunt are the three basic ingredients in food. A single staple food often makes these three ingredients out of balance.
Generally, the main ingredients of rice and white noodles are starch, peanuts, and sesame are high in fat (the lipids contained in peanuts contain lecithin and brain phospholipids, which are essential for human metabolism), high-protein foods, and soy protein are high-quality proteins.
Based on the analysis of Chinese medicine diet and medicated diet, the combination of multiple miscellaneous grains can reasonably arrange the temperature, cold, cold, and heat of food to avoid the discomfort caused by eating only one kind of food.
It is generally believed that rice, wheat, corn, and previous rice are flat; barley, buckwheat, millet, and barley are cold; green beans are cold; oats and glutinous rice are warm.
The “four flavors and five flavors” of rice, wheat, beans and potatoes is not as obvious as traditional Chinese medicine, and proper attention can be paid to the preparation of staple foods. For example, cold foods should be prepared in summer, and the balance of cold and heat should not be too cold or warm.
Buckwheat, barley, wet and astringent, less used by constipation.
Feces and diarrhea should use less mung beans and barley.
Soy beans are easily fermented to produce gas, and those with bloating and diarrhea should be used with caution.
Tips Multivitamins contain vitamins extracted from red beans and more vitamin E and nicotinic acid; glutinous millet and glutinous rice contain vitamin B1 and vitamin B2; broad beans and peas mostly contain vitamin PP; glutinous corn, millet, black beans, and mung beans are rich in carotene.
Tips The nutrients contained in food mimic the replacement of phosphorus, calcium, and iron by barley; indica rice is rich in calcium, magnesium, and zinc; indica corn contains magnesium; indica millet (corn) can be potassium; indica lentils and soy contain more molybdenum; indica mung bean contains germanium; insomnia containsSelenium; Zinc in buckwheat.